An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl Qianlong six-character mark and of the period
Lot 25
An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl
Qianlong six-character mark and of the period
Sold for HK$ 4,260,000 (US$ 545,654) inc. premium

Lot Details
An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl Qianlong six-character mark and of the period An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl Qianlong six-character mark and of the period An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl Qianlong six-character mark and of the period An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl Qianlong six-character mark and of the period An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl Qianlong six-character mark and of the period
An exceptionally rare Imperial famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowl
Qianlong six-character mark and of the period
Superbly enamelled in vibrant colours of pink, white, blue, coral-red and green with various blossoms including lily, narcissus, lotus and anemone, all borne on dense leafy scrolls with further florets reserved on a bright yellow ground, the interior decorated with five iron-red bats.
15cm (6in) diam.

Footnotes

  • 清乾隆 粉彩黃地花卉紋碗
    青花「大清乾隆年製」楷書款

    Provenance:
    An important European private collection formed during the first half of the 20th century, and thence by descent

    來源:
    重要歐洲私人收藏,蒐集於二十年代上半葉,後由其家族繼承

    The European collector (1880-1952) was an entrepreneur with early links to Russia and Japan. From 1911-1917 he lived in St. Petersburg where he owned a company selling high-quality stainless steel, and where he learned the Russian language.

    Although he first visited Japan in 1907, it was in 1920 that he returned home to set up a sales operation similar to that in St. Petersburg which had been halted three years earlier due to the political upheaval. He spent several years in Osaka and Kobe, when his interest in Japanese works of art commenced. Once again he realised the benefit of learning the language in order to facilitate the acquiring of works of art. The result was a fine collection of woodblock prints, netsuke, inro, porcelain (in particular Kakiemon vases), swords, lacquer and silver.

    It was in the 1930s when back in Japan, that he extended his collection to include Chinese art. Fine porcelain, Tang silver, and early bronzes were his particular interests, and he studied these subjects both in books and through his discussions with his friend Kusaka Shogado, who was a leading dealer based in Kyoto, and from whom he made many purchases. He visited Japan for the last time in 1938, when he bought numerous items for his collection.

    The present bowl is exceptionally rare and only three other examples with a Qianlong regular kaishu six-character mark and of the period appear to have been published; see one in the Shanghai Museum, illustrated by Wang, Zhongguo Taoqi, Jingdezhen Caihui Ciqi, Shanghai, pl.III and Chugoku Toji Zenshu, vol.21, pl.111; for the second, in the Wang Xing Lou Collection, see Imperial Perfection: The Palace Porcelain of Three Chinese Emperors, Kangxi - Yongzheng - Qianlong, Hong Kong, 2004, pp.158-159, no.57; and the third example, previously with S.Marchant & Son, Ltd., London, in 2006, was later sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong on 4 April 2012, lot 3190.

    Superbly enamelled with full flowering blossoms, demonstrating the exceptional level of aesthetic and technical craftsmanship achieved during the Qianlong reign, the same design is also shared by a number of bowls with a Qianlong underglaze-blue seal mark as well as by bowls with a Qianlong blue-enamel four-character seal mark; for bowls with underglaze-blue six-character seal marks, see one in the British Museum, London (14cm diam.), illustrated by H.Moss, By Imperial Command, Hong Kong, 1976, pl.6; another example from the Qing Court collection, Palace Museum, Beijing, is illustrated in The All Complete Qianlong: The Aesthetic Tastes of the Qing Emperor Gaozong, Taipei, 2013, pp.220-221, pl.II-3.28; and another one is in the Nanjing Museum (18.5cm diam.), illustrated in Treasures in the Royalty: The Official Kiln Porcelain of the Chinese Qing Dynasty, Shanghai, 2003, p.243; for an example of a blue-enamel four-character seal mark bowl see Geng Baochang, Ming Qing Ciqi Jianding, Hong Kong, 1993, p.281, fig.485.

    This decorative design on bowls continued onto the Daoguang period, indicating the particular popularity of this design in the Imperial Court; see S.G.Valenstein et al., The World's Great Collections: Oriental Ceramics, Vol.11: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Tokyo, 1982, pl.163; see also a pair of famille rose yellow-ground 'floral' bowls, Daoguang seal marks and of the period, which was sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong on 5 October 2011, lot 2069.

    此器為歐洲一位重要收藏家(1880–1952年)舊藏。該藏家早年在俄羅斯及日本創業,於1911年至1917年間旅居聖彼得堡並掌握俄羅斯語,其企業主要從事高品質不銹鋼銷售業務。該藏家最早於1907年抵達日本,在大阪市及神戶市居住多年期間,對當地語言文化及古代藝術品產生濃厚興趣並開始收藏,藏品涵蓋日本版畫、工藝品、陶瓷、及其他工藝品。1920年,藏家返回歐洲故地設立新公司。

    1930年代藏家重返日本,不當重拾舊好,更將其收藏愛好延伸至中國古代陶瓷、銀器,尤其對中國古代青銅器著迷。自此閱覽群書,鑽研好學,結交同好,與京東尚雅堂日下先生相識並成為摯友。在藏家於1938年最後一次造訪日本時,又為自己的收藏添置了多件藏品。

    此碗敞口,深腹,圈足。內白釉,碗心紅彩繪五隻蝙蝠。外黃地粉彩繪各式纏枝花卉紋。底白釉書青花「大清乾隆年製」楷書款。此碗紋飾精美華麗,花卉嬌豔,色彩絢麗,所繪花卉融合西洋風格,呈現出典型乾隆器的奢華和創新風格,是不可多得的藝術珍品。

    本器所書的青花六字楷書雙框款在同類的粉彩黃地花卉紋碗中極為罕見,目前所知傳世品只有三件,包括一件藏於上海博物館,見周麗麗著,《上海博物館藏品研究大系:清代雍正-宣統官窯瓷器》,上海,2014年,頁198,圖3-146;另見望星樓藏一例,著於《清代康雍乾官窯瓷器:望星樓藏瓷》,香港,2004年,頁158至159,編號57;再參考一件為倫敦古董商S.Marchant & Son舊藏,後售於香港蘇富比,2012年4月4日,拍品編號3190。

    類似於本器之例更多見底部書青花「大清乾隆年製」篆書款或藍彩「乾隆年製」篆書款;青花六字篆書款之例見倫敦大英博物館藏一例(口徑14厘米),著錄於H.Moss,《By Imperial Command》,香港,1976年,圖版6;北京故宮博物院清宮舊藏一例,見《十全乾隆:清高宗的藝術品位》,台北,2013年,頁220至221,圖版II-3.28;再參考南京博物院藏一例(口徑18.5厘米),著錄於《宮廷珍藏:中國清代官窯瓷器》,上海,2003年,頁243;藍彩四字篆書款之例見耿寶昌著,《明清瓷器鑒定》,香港,1993年,頁281,圖485。

    此紋飾在乾隆朝以後至道光一朝仍然有燒造,可見乾隆帝的審美品位對往後宮廷瓷器的影響,見一道光例子著錄於S.G.Valenstein,《The World Great Collections: Oriental Ceramics, Vol.11: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York》,東京,1982年,圖版163;另見香港蘇富比售出一對清道光帶款粉彩黃地花卉紋碗,2011年10月5日,拍品編號2069。
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