Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010)  A Mountain Village of Guilin

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Lot 189
Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010)
A Mountain Village of Guilin

Sold for HK$ 4,375,625 (US$ 564,447) inc. premium
FROM A VERY IMPORTANT ASIAN PRIVATE COLLECTION
劍閣珍藏二十世紀中國書畫
LOTS 189-198

劍閣主人,生於民國初年,祖籍福建,為避戰亂,不及弱冠便隻身遠走南洋。以天資聰穎、好學不倦而白手起家,因經營有方而至生意興隆。為人正義慷慨,樂善好施,乃東南亞知名僑領。其人平生雅好文藝,擅攝影,更對中國書畫及古董情有獨鍾。本輯所呈共計十幅,其中徐悲鴻作品即佔其四,或因劍閣主人與黃曼士交好之故,其中〈奔馬圖〉(拍品編號198)即具黃曼士收藏印,乃罕有逾十一平尺鉅幅,筆勢酣暢,天馬奔騰,極具感染力。劍閣主人於一九七〇年代初,回鄉探親並訪問北京,結識眾多藝術家,如吳冠中、黃冑、吳作人、黃永玉、王雪濤、李苦禪等,獲贈頗夥。本季特選吳冠中〈桂林山村〉(拍品編號189)、黃冑〈牧牛圖〉(拍品編號190)及張正宇〈益鳥圖〉(拍品編號191)三幅,以饗海內外藏家。
Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010)
A Mountain Village of Guilin
Oil on canvas, framed
Signed Tu and Wu Guanzhong on the back (in pen)
Dated 1972
52.5 x 52.5cm (20⅝ x 20⅝in)

Footnotes

  • Provenance:
    Acquired directly from the artist

    吳冠中 桂林山村 油彩畫布 鏡框 一九七二年作

    款識:
    七二。荼。
    吳冠中。北京。(鋼筆於畫背)

    來源:
    直接得自畫家寫贈

    註:一九七二年二月,美國總統尼克松訪華,中美發表《上海聯合公報》,吳冠中此時仍在河北獲鹿縣李村下放勞動,但節假日被允許作畫,因畫具不夠,只好買農村寫毛主席語錄的小黑板做成畫板,以農家柳條編成的糞筐做畫架,被戲稱為「糞筐畫家」。當年冬,遠在貴陽的岳母病危,吳冠中與妻子獲批一個月假期,經桂林、陽朔去探望老人。吳冠中說,「我太想畫桂林了」。

    「從桂林到蘆荻岩的公共汽車中,車中人擠人,如沙丁魚,我從別人的耳鬢邊窺視窗外,好一幅圖畫:紅樹、秋山、白屋,白駒過隙,瞬間消逝。翌日,借輛自行車帶畫具來尋昨日佳境,竟不可復得。依稀記得那山那樹那屋,但她們並不相鄰,原來相距遙遠,憑車速彼此一度相抱相親。我往返追捕,根據記憶,順著月下老人的紅線,繪就此幅,若有人要來此寫生,只能到自己腦子裡找尋。」

    《吳冠中全集》中收錄有兩張〈桂林山村〉,此幅為已知來源確鑿的第三幅同題作品。其中,二〇〇二年曾在香港藝術館《無涯惟智——吳冠中藝術里程》展中參展的〈桂林山村〉尺幅最小,作於板上,考慮到畫家的創作習慣,該作或為第一幅,寫於桂林當地。本幅拍品作於畫布,尺幅稍大,構圖與上幅類近,與全集圖片對比,本幅從細節到色彩的處理都更見層次豐富,應為畫家返家後進一步完善畫稿而成。中國美術館所藏同題作品作於次年,尺幅最大,但色調較為沈鬱。

    高聳入雲的秋山腳下,樹葉紅黃斑斕如一首秋天的讚歌,村屋錯落有致,白色山牆與秋景相依相襯;近景中一條泥濘小路引導觀者視線,去探尋這寧靜幽謐的村落。原本不會同時出現的景色,經吳冠中獨具匠心的挪移、取捨、裁減,而成眼前這幅充滿魅力的畫面。中國山水講求「可居」、「可臥」,文人由心造境,抒「胸中逸氣」,吳冠中更常以王國維「一切景語,皆情語」自省,令這幅油彩抒寫的桂林山水,溢滿東方水墨的哲思與意境。
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Wu Guanzhong (1919-2010)  A Mountain Village of Guilin
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