A steel perfume burnerTula, circa 1800

This lot has been removed from the website, please contact customer services for more information

Lot 139*
A steel perfume burner
Tula, circa 1800

£ 20,000 - 30,000
US$ 25,000 - 38,000
A steel perfume burner
Tula, circa 1800
the cylindrical openwork body and pierced hinged lid enriched with faceted simulated gems, pellet and applied garland motifs, surmounted by urn knop, fitted with carved wooden handle, raised on three cabriole legs, each terminating in trefoil foot
length: 24.4cm (9 5/8in).

Footnotes

  • Provenance
    Jeremy Ltd, London
    Private European Collection

    For similar examples in the State Historical Museum, Moscow, see L. Dementieva, 18th to 19th century Tula Artistic Steel, Moscow 2015, pl. 112-116, pp. 284-287.


    The Imperial Arms Factory, founded in 1712 by Peter the Great in Tula, was established to supply military weaponry. In the eighteenth century, steel articles created by Tula gunsmiths, who primarily supplied the state's fluctuating demand for arms, evolved into a distinctive luxury industry furnishing objects to the rarefied interiors of Pavlovsk Palace from 1786. Catherine the Great patronised yearly Tula Fairs held at Tsarskoe Selo and gifted richly decorated objects to foreign dignitaries, serving to spread the taste for burnished and blued steel with simulated faceted gems, studs and applied gilt foliage afforded by only the wealthiest collectors.

    Princess Dashkova, a leading supporter of Catherine the Great, introduced the technique to an English visitor, Martha Wilmot, who lived with the princess from 1803-1808 and likened Tula to Birmingham as a centre for the manufacture of iron. Martha wrote to her parents in 1806: 'Have you found out that the Curiosity from Tula, is a machine for perfuming the rooms! Charcoal is placed in it, & perfumes burn'd, which fume through the Suites of apartments, as the little machine is whisk'd about .. Its office I suppose will now be to lie quietly on the steel chimneypiece, to match which K is to take over a pair of steel Candlesticks, of Tula manufacture likewise' ('The Marchioness of Londonderry and H.M. Hyde,' The Russian Journals of Martha and Catherine Wilmot - 1803-1808, London, 1934, p. 273).

    The technique is finely represented with a group of objects from a private European collection. The publication of a catalogue to accompany the 2015 exhibition at the State Historical Museum in Moscow adds further scholarship and provides illustrated examples of similar items that provide broader context for the proposed items.
Contacts
Auction information

This auction is now finished. If you are interested in consigning in future auctions, please contact the specialist department. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services.

Buyers' Obligations

ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. THIS AFFECTS THE BIDDERS LEGAL RIGHTS.

If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team.

Buyers' Premium and Charges

For all Sales categories, buyer's premium excluding Cars, Motorbikes, Wine and Coin & Medal sales, will be as follows:

Buyer's Premium Rates
27.5% on the first £2,500 of the hammer price;
25% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £2,500 up to and including £300,000;
20% of the hammer price of amounts in excess of £300,000 up to and including £3,000,000;
and 13.9% of the hammer price of any amounts in excess of £3,000,000.

VAT at the current rate of 20% will be added to the Buyer's Premium and charges excluding Artists Resale Right.

Payment Notices

For payment information please refer to the sale catalog.

Shipping Notices

For information and estimates on domestic and international shipping as well as export licenses please contact Bonhams Shipping Department.

Lot symbols
* Import low rate

VAT on imported items at a preferential rate of 5% on Hammer Price and the prevailing rate on Buyer's Premium.